Yukon River Chinook expected to arrive much earlier than last year

Due to very warm weather so far this Spring, the annual Yukon River Chinook run timing outlook and forecast is being issued early in a preliminary form. This outlook could change as more environmental data are gathered in the month of May and final run timing outlook will be issued May 31, 2014. READ THE PRELIMINARY OUTLOOK.

This April was the second warmest in 54 years, making it highly likely that the first Chinook will be crossing the delta before the end of May, with the first significant pulse (15% point) of Chinook crossing the delta before June 14. For more information contact: phil.mundy@noaa.gov

“When are the salmon coming?” And why is it so important to get the timing right?

Known for navigating the longest annual freshwater migration route of any salmon to reach their spawning grounds, Chinook salmon can start arriving on the Yukon River delta at almost any point in June. Over the past 50 years the first pulse of Chinook has occurred sometime between the 6th and the 26th of June. Traditional knowledge on the Yukon holds that spring weather conditions, including ice, temperatures and wind determine when in June the fish enter the river, but each spring brings a different combination of conditions, so pinning down a schedule for the arrival of the first pulse can be tricky. Twenty days is can be a long time to wait to find out when the fish are actually coming and if there are enough of them to harvest.

Management of the Chinook salmon fishery is closely linked to expected time of arrival in harvest areas. When the migration begins earlier than expected, it’s reasonable for fishery managers to conclude that the run is stronger than it actually is, possibly resulting in over-harvesting near the river’s mouth and loss of harvest opportunities upriver. Likewise, in years when the first pulse of fish comes late, it is reasonable for fishery managers to conclude that the run is very weak, perhaps so weak that fishing needs to be slowed or stopped altogether.

Researchers from NOAA Fisheries and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, with the support of the Alaska Ocean Observing System, have identified a combination of spring conditions that is closely related to the timing of Chinook salmon on the Yukon delta. Using percent spring ice cover between St. Lawrence Island and the Yukon delta, April air temperatures in Nome, and marine surface temperatures just offshore of the delta in May, the team predicted the timing of the run in the last two seasons to within three days of the actual timing before the start of each run.

CLICK HERE for a summary of historical and near real-time fish and environmental data for the 2014 Chinook salmon run in the Yukon River delta, Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) Management Area Y-1.

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